The Age of Rumi
Rumi was born on 30 September 1207 (6 Rabi.’ I 604) and died on 17 December 1273. His life, therefore, covers almost the entire span of the thirteenth century. Life and work of Rumi the age of Rumi part 1.
If we are to have some idea of his contribution to life and thought, it is essential to start with a brief description and an analysis of the conditions prevailing at the time.
No study of Rumi has so far taken this factor into consideration and it is, therefore, all the more necessary to have a clear idea of his milieu.
The thirteenth-century of the Christian era was the seventh century of Islam. The Islamic commonwealth achieved its full political maturity within the first century and its entire geographical extent during the first seven hundred years of its existence.
Rising from Mecca it flashed into Syria; it traversed the whole breadth of Northern Africa, and then leaping the Straits of Gibraltar, it hammered at the doors of Europe.
Islam conquered Sicily and reached as far as the Campagna and Abruzzi in the south. Using Spain as a springboard it jumped into Provence, Northern Italy and even to Switzerland.
From its stronghold in Spain and Sicily, it transmitted its powerful cultural influence to the whole of Europe. In the tenth century, however, the social order of Islam no longer represented the best that it had to offer to the world. The passage of centuries had beclouded which once inspired the whole world.
Elements of decay which, which crept into the system, continued to work unnoticed, till it became clear that the grand structure represented by Islam in the thirteenth century was no longer a structure of steel. It was not yet a house of cards, either edifice was certainly tottering, and if the rot was not checked in time the result could be disastrous. Life and work of Rumi the age of Rumi part 1.